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Population Of Scheduled Tribes India: 1961-2011 PDF Details
Tribal Population In India 2011 Census PDF Free Download
PDF Name
Population Of Scheduled Tribes India: 1961-2011
No. of Pages 50
PDF Size 12MB
Language  English
Category Education & Jobs
Source ruralindiaonline.org

Population Of Scheduled Tribes India: 1961-2011

The facts and demography of scheduled tribes (ST) in 30 Indian states and union territories, as documented in Census 2011, are highlighted in this paper. The research compares population patterns and decadal growth rates from 1961 to the present. It also focuses on the rural and urban livelihoods of individuals from scheduled castes and tribes (SC/ST).

In the United States, 705 ethnic groups have been designated as STs. There were various changes in the listings of STs in states and union territories in the decade leading up to Census 2011, and with the addition or deletion of specific tribes, some locations exhibit either an increase or a drop in the numbers.

  • There are 10.42 crore Indians classified as “Scheduled Tribes,” with 1.04 crore living in metropolitan areas.
  • STs make up 8.6% of the total population of the country and 11.3 percent of the rural population.
  • The sex ratio among Scheduled Tribes is now 990 females for every 1,000 males, up from 978 in the 2001 Census.
  • Madhya Pradesh has the greatest population of Scheduled Tribes (14.7 per cent). Meghalaya has the lowest population density (2.5 per cent).
  • Between 2001 and 2011, the ST population in Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, and Goa increased by more than 1% point; Sikkim saw a significant increase in the ST population – from 20.6 percent of the total population in 2001 to 33.8 percent in 2011 – as the Limboo and Tamang tribes were added to the list.
  • Tribes now make up 10.2% of Goa’s total population, up from 0% in 2001 when the Kunbi, Gawda, and Velip tribes were added to the ST list.
  • The ST population declined in Nagaland, Chhattisgarh, Daman and Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. This was most likely caused by migration. The ST population of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands fell from 8.3 percent in 2001 to 7.5 percent in 2011, probably as a result of the tsunami in 2004.
  • 53% of STs and 48.9% of SCs live in run-down houses, with the majority of their households consisting of single rooms (44 per cent STs and 47 per cent STs).
  • 46.6 percent of Scheduled Castes and Tribes drink water straight from the faucet. Others rely on wells, manual pumps, borewells, and other methods to get their water. Only 52% of STs and SCs have access to water on their own property.
  • Only 52% of ST homes and 59% of SC households have access to electricity, whereas 46% of ST households and 40% of SC households use kerosene.
  • Despite an increase of 11 percentage points in the use of LPG/PNG since 2001, 66% of families still rely on firewood, agricultural leftovers, or cow dung cake.
  • Only 23% of ST households and 34% of SC households have access to toilet facilities.

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